The underwater world is fascinating, isn’t it? Various shades of blue, species and interesting discoveries. And as if this wasn’t enough, series and movies about the underwater world are giving us new theories every day based on their imagination. But, all stories apart, do you know staying underwater is an actual therapy? And it doesn’t matter whether you know swimming or no. It’s all because of SCUBA DIVING! This beautiful underwater sport allows you to spend time underwater for around half an hour to 45 minutes. But people still get confused about Scuba, so here’s an extensive list of all the questions you might have about scuba! 

Scuba Diving: An Ultimate Guide

So, What is scuba?

Let’s start with the word SCUBA – It means Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. As we mentioned earlier, scuba is an underwater sport/ activity where you go underwater with equipment and oxygen masks. You explore the underwater world, witness different species, plants, places, animals, etc! You carry your breathing gas and you go deep in water. Depending on which level you are, you can go deeper. 

Should you know how to swim to go for a dive?

No. You will be given an oxygen mask and other equipment to take care of yourself underwater. YOU DON’T NEED TO KNOW HOW TO SWIM TO GO FOR A SCUBA DIVE. 

What is the difference between scuba and snorkeling? 

Scuba dive is deep in the water where while snorkeling you stick to the surface of the water. While snorkeling, you breathe from the air outside, and in scuba, because you go deep in water, you carry your breathing gas with you. 

difference between scuba diving and snorkelling

Why scuba? 

To explore another world that’s completely unknown to us. To discover hundreds and thousands of species, colorful wonders. Scuba allows you to go deep in water and explore things which otherwise aren’t possible. It calms you and also helps you concentrate. For many people, it’s a form of meditation! 

why scuba diving

Why is it so expensive?

Scuba diving is an expensive affair. Mainly because of the equipment and training. The breathing gas, foot flaps, and cameras cost a lot to the organizers. So, the overall cost goes high. It goes even further when you decide to be a certified scuba diver. 

The standard cost of one diver at an entry-level is around RS.3000 in Andaman. 

Book your Andaman packages with Scuba diving with Funstay.

What precautions should you take before your first dive? 

Scuba diving is one of the most relaxing, adventurous yet calming experience you will ever have! For water lovers, it’s a form of meditation and for people who don’t know how to swim, it gives an amazing chance to experience the underwater world without actually swimming. 

Here are a few things to remember before you go diving. 

Listen to the brief very carefully – 

The initial brief is very important as it prepares you for the dive. Pay attention very closely, ask questions if necessary but make sure you understand all-important instruction. Learn all the sign languages. Make use of them. 

Follow the instructor or leader –

Even if the sea is familiar, make sure you always listen to your instructor or leader. Don’t make any hasty decisions and don’t go anywhere alone. 

Respect the marine life – 

Remember, you are in their territory. Respect the marine life. Don’t touch them and don’t follow them. 

Take care of your Oxygen supply – 

Some scuba enthusiasts tend to spend more time underwater. Even if you are doing that, make sure you remember how much oxygen is left with you. 

Maintain communication –

Underwater the most important thing is control. Since you can’t talk and your actions are limited, make sure you maintain excellent communication with your partner/instructor/ leader. Let them know how are you feeling by using the signs that you learned during briefing sessions. 

How to be a scuba instructor / advanced scuba diver?

Once you have had your first basic dive, if you are interested, you can opt for certificates and courses which will let you go deep into the sea. There are different types of scuba divers according to their expertise. 

  • Open Water Diver. 
  • Adventure Diver. 
  • Advanced Open Water Diver.
  • Rescue Diver. 
  • Master Scuba Diver.
  • Underwater Naturalist. 
  • Fish Identification.
How to be a scuba instructor / advanced scuba diver

For each type of diving, you need different training. Many diving schools across India teach you. These are the centers – 

  • Netrani
  • Goa
  • Andaman
  • Pondicherry
  • Malvan
  • Kovalam 

Worldwide there are two kinds of diving certification courses. PADI (professional association of diving instructors & SSI (scuba schools International). In terms of diver training, there is very little difference between SSI and PADI. They both follow the diving standards set by the Governing body – (World Recreational Scuba Training Council) meaning that knowledge and skill requirements are almost the same. Certifications are interchangeable.

How to breathe underwater for scuba? 

Breathing underwater is a task and everyone knows it. Apart from carrying Oxygen cylinders, divers breathe a mixture of oxygen, helium, and nitrogen for deep dives to avoid the effects of narcosis. Even regular oxygen becomes toxic if you go too deep. (below the depth of 30mtres). Narcosis results from breathing gases under elevated pressure. The noble gases, except helium and probably neon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen cause a decrement in mental function. This results in dizziness and people losing self-control underwater which ultimately results in delayed response to visual and auditory stimuli. 

how to breathe underwater

What are some of the best places to scuba in India? 

India being a country with so much diversity, has many diving sites. 

  • Andaman
  • Goa
  • Pondicherry
  • Netrani
  • Kovalam
  • Bangaram, Lakshadweep.

What are the international destinations that are good for a scuba dive? 

  • Oman – swim with turtles 
  • Thailand 
  • Bali
  • Australia
  • Malaysia 
  • Hawai 

What are the places where you can dive with sharks?

places to dive with sharks

If your eyes are set for a lifetime adventure, here are some of the sites in a world where you can dive with sharks and experience the thrill.  

  1. Guadalupe Island, Mexico – great white sharks 
  2. Elphinstone reef and the Brothers, Egypt
  3. The Maldives
  4. Malapascua, the Philippines
  5. Cornwall, England
  6. The Hebrides Islands, Scotland
  7. Simons Town, South Africa
  8. Prince William Sound, Alaska

A few more interesting Scuba diving facts –

  • Once you get below 10 meters in-depth, you can’t see red or yellow! If you cut yourself your blood looks blue.
  • Oxygen becomes toxic when under pressure, so at depths greater than 42 meters, special gases with low oxygen are used. 
  • Did you know that through a Dive Mask, things look about 33% larger due to the flatness on the mask’s lens? So if you are underwater a fish crosses you, chances are you can touch it easily (but you shouldn’t without the permission of your instructor or partner.)
  • Scuba divers can’t determine the direction of the sound, as beneath the surface of water sound travels five times faster than it does in air.
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Devik · January 19, 2020 at 7:03 am

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